DJEDDAH: As the global energy industry prepares for the future of decarbonization and embraces new forms of energy such as hydrogen, Saudi Arabia continues its plan to become a world leader in construction of a greener world.
Saudi Arabia was a major participant in the United States’ Climate Leaders Summit on Earth Day (April 22), also the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement. The Kingdom developed its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, which included carbon mitigation targets until 2030. Through the terms of the NDC, Arabia Arabia will continue to pursue its primary goal of diversifying its economy, but reducing greenhouse gas emissions and reducing the impact of climate change.
On a related note, in March, Saudi Arabia announced plans to build a $ 5 billion green fuel plant at NEOM, powered entirely by solar and wind power, with the goal of becoming the world’s largest supplier of hydrogen by 2025, Bloomberg reported.
“The Kingdom is committed to building a more energy-efficient and low-carbon future, having announced targets to produce 50% of its electricity from renewable energies by 2030, with the rest fueled by gas. , replacing the oil currently used for power generation in the country. Hisham Bahkali, chairman and CEO of GE Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, told Arab News.
“Decarbonization is not a new national goal, but rather a goal that Saudi Arabia has been working on for many years, including helping the transition to more efficient power generation. These efforts have been accelerated as part of Saudi Vision 2030, ”Bahkali said.
When Saudi Arabia hosted the G20 presidency, energy ministers endorsed a critical new approach to carbon management – the circular carbon economy – that broadly supports a sustainable future for the country. clean energy.
As an active contributor to the Kingdom’s energy industry over the past 80 years, GE is well positioned to help the Kingdom achieve its decarbonization goals. In October 2020, the US multinational conglomerate announced its intention to achieve zero net carbon emissions in its facilities and operations by 2030.
The company is proud of its innovative Advanced Gas Path (AGPT) technology, which holds two world efficiency records. The AGPT was installed on three 6B gas turbines at Saudi Cement’s factory in Hofuf, helping to improve efficiency by up to 3.3% per unit.
This technology can simultaneously increase efficiency, efficiency and uptime, while reducing fuel consumption and environmental impact.
“Converting simple cycle power plants to combined cycle – something that can be accomplished in as little as 16 months – can allow them to produce up to 50% more electricity using the same amount of fuel. This means less emissions per megawatt hour of electricity produced, ”Bahkali said.
Bahkali also aims to introduce GE’s 9HA high efficiency air-cooled gas turbine to the Saudi market. The technology is already in use in the United Arab Emirates; it was installed at the independent 1.8 Gw Hamriyah power station in Sharjah, which is expected to be the most efficient in the Middle East.
According to Bahkali, the technology can help the Sharjah Electricity, Water and Gas Authority reduce carbon dioxide emissions by up to 4 million tonnes per year, which is equivalent to taking 1 million cars off the roads of the UAE.
“As part of its comprehensive energy plan, Saudi Arabia also aims to have around 16 GW of wind power by 2030,” Bahkali said. “We are well positioned to help achieve this through GE’s Cypress onshore wind technology, digital solutions and long-term commitments to operational performance through our full service agreements.
GE’s Arabelle steam turbine can also support the Kingdom’s goal of having nuclear power plants, as 50% of the world’s nuclear power plants use GE’s steam turbine technology. This technology is capable of generating up to 1,750 MW of CO2-free energy from a single turbine, with proven reliability of 99.96%.
GE also has the greatest fleet experience in the use of low calorific alternative fuels, particularly hydrogen for power generation.
“Considering the large fleet of GE gas turbines installed in the Kingdom and the presence of our energy-focused Hot & Harsh R&D lab on the campus of the GE Manufacturing and Technology Center in Dammam, it is possible to start to work on pilot projects with local partners in Saudi Arabia. Arabia which would introduce hydrogen without CO2 into the gas mixture for power generation, ”Bahkali said.